Childhood vaccines can prevent various infections and common diseases, such as mumps and measles. However, there are still other diseases for which no vaccines developed. Most of them can be easily treated at home. We detail a series of tips to three common diseases in children to keep you aware to avoid such diseases.
Chickenpox is a very viral infection of common diseases caused by the varicella zoster virus, which also causes the “shingles” in adults (herpes zoster). Find the most virulence between January and May. Diffusion readily occurs through water droplets through the air and by bodily contact. Although it is not usually a serious infection in children, it can be dangerous for pregnant women and the fetus.
• Usually a couple of days cause general ill prior to the onset of the rash.
• This blistering rash begins and can occur throughout the body, including the mouth and eyelids, but the trunk area is the most common.
• Loss of appetite.
• Headache, cough, sore throat and malaise.
• Give your son an oatmeal bath warm without soap, between 20 and 30 minutes as often as necessary. The oatmeal helps to relieve itching. Use a quantity of dry oats as equivalent to a pint glass.
• There are lotions that soothe the rash. These contain phenol, menthol and camphor. They can also use calamine lotion.
• If it is small and can therefore use oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, to reduce itching. Remember that you have to follow the directions on the prescription label.
• Scars appear if your child is scratching the blisters, so you have to watch for him not to. It may be helpful to put cotton mittens, so there is less likelihood of injuring the skin when scratching.
• Paracetamol is recommended to refer the fever, sore throat and headache.
• Once the eruption has taken place will be difficult to prevent the spread of chickenpox. A child needs to play about an hour in a closed another child with chickenpox affection to run a great risk of getting
• Some people prefer that children spend chickenpox (and, therefore, becoming immune to it) as soon as possible because symptoms are more pronounced the greater the age of the person who has it.
• Some people prefer that children spend chickenpox (and, therefore, becoming immune to it) as soon as possible because the symptoms are more pronounced as greater the age of the person who has it.
Intestinal worms (intestinal infection)
Pinworms are tiny worms that infect the digestive tract. They are very common in children between 5 and 14 years along with others common diseases. The main cause is ingestion of microscopic larvae that remain in the hands, hence the importance of washing.
• Itching around the anus and genital area, often worse at night.
• Loss of appetite.
• Painful urination.
• Worms in stools (may be the length of an inch and be as thin as a thread, so you usually do not become visible).
Domestic Treatment and Prevention:
• Medications are dispensed by prescription and without prescription.
• Make sure that the infected child to wash their hands frequently to prevent the larvae are transmitted from the bottom of the nail, or to occur re-infection if your child gets fingered in the mouth.
• All family members should take a rigorous hygiene and hand washing always use the toilet, and before and after eating.
• If someone in the family has worms, make sure the towels and personal items are only used by him or her to avoid infection of other family members.
• Try to avoid scratching.
• Wash their clothes and bedding all day and avoid shake, to prevent the spread of the larvae.
• Bathe your child daily.
Fifth disease or Erythema infectiosum
The Erythema infectiosum or Fifth disease is one of contagious common diseases caused by Parvovirus B19. It is known as Fifth disease because it was the fifth rickettsial disease discovered after measles, rubella, scarlet fever, roseola. It is characterized by a rash that is still a series of symptoms similar to those of the fever. It is dangerous for pregnant women because it can cause premature abortions.
• Headache, sore throat, runny nose, fever and abdominal pain, malaise.
• Rash on the seventh day (indicating the end of the period of risk of infection others). Sometimes the rash can resemble a slap on the cheek of the child.
• Rash also can remember the look of a lace and manifested in body, arms and legs.
• From suffer a complication, can produce a chronic infection the virus that causes anemia.
• Oatmeal baths.
• Applying hydrocortisone cream 1% (provided it is not a baby) or calamine lotion on the area affected by the eruption. · Use of antihistamines.
• Paracetamol will help reduce fever and joint pain.
• Dress him in loose clothing and cotton; ponle gloves at night to prevent scratching.
• Make sure your children take plenty of water, to prevent possible dehydration.
• If your child happens to be anemic, requiring additional treatment.
• The virus is spread by droplets of saliva, so be sure your child covers his mouth when coughing or sneezing.
• If your child has fifth disease, keep him away from pregnant women.