Dental, pregnancy health

Pregnant? 5 Things You Should Know about Oral Care

Oral health care is important for everyone, but for pregnant women oral health also affects the health and safety of their beautiful baby-to-be. The most important five things women need to know about are gingivitis, periodontal disease, weakened enamel, and the safety of procedures and x-rays.

Gingivitis

Now a days online pregnancy tests going to popular. The most common dental problem with pregnant women is gingivitis. Upwards of sixty to seventy five percent of pregnant women suffer from this disease. Dentists attribute increased susceptibility to the disease to a decreased immune system response and significant fluctuations in the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Brushing and flossing regularly can help treat gingivitis, but a routine dental cleaning is important to assist in defeating the problem. A healthy diet which provides enough nutrients for the mother and baby is important to the oral health of patients.

Periodontal Disease

One of the most dangerous diseases for pregnant women is periodontal disease. The mother’s gums may bleed and be inflamed. Many times the disease is caused by untreated gingivitis. The disease can cause the bacteria fusobacteriumnucleatum, otherwise known as gum infection, to cross through the placenta and into the baby’s system. The bacterium has been found in the amniotic fluid of mothers with periodontal disease. This is significant because the bacteria can cause babies to be stillborn. Mothers with the condition are seven times more likely to have premature and lower weight babies.

Weakened Enamel

Being pregnant increases the destruction of enamel. According to the American Dental Association, 25% of women in their childbearing years are affected. This is important because it can lead to an abscess. The infection’s bacteria can pass to baby and significantly increases the chances of a premature labor. Dentists believe that pregnant women can be at greater risk due to their pregnancy sugar cravings, increased acidity, fluctuating hormones, and vomiting due to morning sickness.

Procedures

Routine dental treatment is safe at any time during pregnancy. According to Health Centered Dentistry however, it is best to avoid any unnecessary work until after birth. For pressing issues, the second trimester is the best time for dental work as major limb development occurs in the first trimester and chances of premature labor are increased in the third trimester. Emergency dental work should be performed if it poses a risk to the health of the mother or baby.

X-rays

X-rays have long been believed to harm the fetus, but recent studies have shown they are safe anytime during pregnancy. The dentist will take extra precautions to ensure the safety of the baby. If you have any fears, you can postpone any X-ray work until after the first trimester when the baby is at the greatest risk.

Oral health care is important for everyone, especially pregnant women. It is important for pregnant women to know the risks associated with gingivitis, periodontal disease, and weakened enamel. Expectant mothers should also be aware of what procedures are safe. These five things can help promote the health and safety of both mommy and baby.

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