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Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Hepatitis B is now a common health issue which is seen among people. Hepatitis B can be fatal for many if it is not dealt with proper care and supervision. Many people have heard about the disease but don’t know much about it and how to keep away from the virus which can cause the disease. Many people get the disease only because they don’t  know anything about the virus and how to prevent it.

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis is a medical term which refers to the inflammation of liver. Mainly this is a viral disease. The viruses which cause this disease are of five types .They are: A,B,C,D and E. Hepatitis B is an inflammatory illness caused by Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). This disease can cause a cirrhosis or liver cancer. This can even cause the death of the patient.

How the virus infects a person?

The virus is spread by blood and body fluids. The main route of transmission is sexual contact, sharing needles, blades and toothbrushes and blood transfusion.  If a mother is infected with the virus at the time of child birth, the child can also be infected by the virus. If any family member has hepatitis B, it can be transmitted to other members through utensils and other household things. Hepatitis B can be transmitted through the saliva, tears and urine of a chronic carrier. Many infected person do not show any symptoms of the disease but can infect others with the virus. Many carriers carry the virus for lifelong.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B

The symptoms of hepatitis B begin with general illness and sick health. The other prominent symptoms are nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, body aches, mild fever and dark urine. When someone is infected with the virus, they can develop jaundice in the first place. The illness lasts for a few weeks and then in most cases the patient gradually improves. But in the chronic viral infection, the infection either is asymptomatic or cause chronic inflammation of liver which can cause liver cirrhosis in a few years.

Prevention

Hepatitis B virus mainly transmits through water, body fluids and blood. To prevent Hepatitis B, people should be careful about safe drinking water and blood transfusion. They should also avoid using other people’s blade, syringe or injection. To keep safe from the B virus, one should take the vaccine to prevent it. An expecting mother can also take the vaccine to protect the baby from Hepatitis B Virus.
Mostly people who are addicted to drugs or have many sexual partners have more risk factors to get the disease easily. Even you can be infected while tattooing in your body because of using common needles. Even people who use common toilets or common blades for shaving can also get the disease easily.

If anyone is detected with HBV, he should consult with the physician as soon as possible. Without proper treatment the disease can turn into a fatal health issue and it can even be the reason of death of some people.

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